History of the Symbols Inclusion Project
The project started with a small pilot to address the needs of one child in a First School. From there it has grown into an Authority wide initiative, and is spreading to other authorities across the UK.
The use of symbols has been recognised as having value to a wide range of students who may have difficulty in reading text in different contexts and understanding word meanings.
Pilot phase: evaluation in a single school
Phase 1: A six-month trial - Developing resources and understanding of practice in Key Stage 1
Phase 2: A three year project of development, training and implementation
Extending the project: Other projects that have developed, and subsequent work
In 2002 A small project was set up between the Designated Speech and Language Provision (DSLP) hosted by Bilton Infant School and Widgit Software, to explore the ways that symbols might be used to support a specific child with learning difficulties entering the school.
In the original Bilton Project, which lasted one year, Widgit provided a free licence for 15 installations of the symbol software Writing with Symbols 2000, (cost £500) plus one full day training to the full staff. Through the year, Widgit also provided one twilight Inset session each term for Bilton staff, and latterly for staff from other interested schools.
As a result of the first pilot a six month project was set up between DISCS (Disability, Inclusion, Sensory and Communication Service) and Widgit. In this project DISCS seconded one Specialist Teacher for two days per week, and a level 3 Teaching Assistant (TA) for four days a week to work in the Widgit Offices to develop:
- Knowledge and understanding about symbols
- Skills in the software (Writing with Symbols)
- IT skills
- Strategies for using symbols to support children with SEN
- A range of ready-to-use teaching materials relevant to year 1 pupils
- Training sessions and materials to trial the materials across the DSLP and through the DISCS outreach support programme.
These staff were supported by Widgit by
- A designated newly appointed member of staff to provide training and support
- Creation of a designated are of the Website specifically for the SIP Project
- Support from the Design team to create new symbols as required for the materials
- Full access to hardware and infrastructure in the Widgit offices
In this initial phase of the SIP project, Widgit paid Warwickshire £12,000 in addition to the above support.
The agreement was that all materials developed under the project would be freely available to educational establishments in Warwickshire, but that Widgit retained the copyright of these materials and were free to distribute the materials outside of the Local Authority as they wished.
Output from SIP 1
During this time new, more appropriate software (Communicate: In Print) was published by Widgit that enabled more flexible and imaginative materials to be created. In this phase resources were developed for both software packages to satisfy the requirements of schools that had either program.
A CD was created with all of the materials developed in SIP 1, plus training and information materials that was to be distributed under SIP Phase 2.
A three year extension of the SIP Phase one was set up. Under this project the staffing element from DISCS remained the same (The designated teacher changed, but current TA continued). Widgit continued with the same level of support, including management of the work programme by senior Widgit staff. This was a reciprocal arrangement between the two groups.
In this phase work was planned initially for KS1 and then extending to KS2. Meetings were set up with the staff from the DSLP to determine the priorities for development, training and feedback.
In 2008 the SIP project is continuing, creating more curriculum resources.
A series of training events were offered to schools covering uses of symbols, symbols and Communication Friendly Environments, how symbols can support learning, and hands on training in how to edit and create materials. The SIP team initially worked through the DSLP in the schools, and then gradually extended their work to include other schools in Warwickshire.. Over time, the SIP team trained additional TAs to be able to deliver training in their own schools, and areas.
Materials were initially disseminated through the DSLP, who provided valuable feedback and evidence on when and how symbols were effective. Termly meetings were held in which the staff recorded their experiences and made suggestions for further work.
The first actions of SIP 2 was a series of dissemination events around the authority with presentations by DISCS and the SIP teams to explain about the SIP Project, the value of symbols for pupils, and to distribute the CD of resources.
As the project expanded the SIP Website we redeveloped and feedback from classroom implementation was posted on the SIP website for all staff to access.
In the third year a designated web area was also created with password access for Warwickshire staff to be able to access the additional resources as they became available.
Extending the project
In 2011 the SIP Project is continuing with the similar level of commitment from the Local Authority and Widgit. Communicate: In Print is now being used in 200 pre-school settings and in secondary schools across the County.
In addition to the focused work on supporting pupils with learning difficulties in the mainstream classrooms some additional projects have been developed:
The VI project - Symbols for pupils with visual difficulties
Signage at special schools
Parents Area on the Widgit web site
Sign Graphics for Maths - extending the sign graphics from Deafsign to support the maths curriculum alongside the new maths symbols and the Maths Pack developed with the SIP Project. Both these areas are using the vocabulary list from the Numeracy Framework.
For more information on some of the other Warwickshire work visit: Related Projects
Costs and Management
The SIP Project is a co-operation between Warwickshire County Council and Widgit Software.
Warwickshire: Dilys Davies, Service Development Manager, Teaching and Learning, Integrated Disability Service, Children Young People and Families
Widgit: Tina Detheridge, Director
- Specialist Teacher 2 days a week
The Teacher is based in the Widgit office during this time. Her role is:
- Designing and creating materials for schools
- Developing models of good practice in the use of symbols
- Working with schools to implement the use of symbols where appropriate
- Working with the Widgit development team on the features and functionality of new software
- Advising the Widgit team on the progress of the project for wider dissemination
- Speech and Language therapist 4 days a week
- Advisory support 1 day a week
- Symbol development - as required (1 day a week)
- Technical advice - as required
The roles of the staff at Widgit, in supporting the SIP Project are:
- Training the SIP team in the use of software
- Providing technical and methodological support
- Designing new symbols as required
- Quality control over the materials produced
- Finalising materials to a state ready to distribute
- Creating the SIP and internal Warwickshire SIP web sites
- Preparing all materials for distribution to Warwickshire schools
The resources produced from the project are available free of charge to all Warwickshire schools and affiliated educational establishments (pre-school-18)
Widgit hold the copyright of these and are free to distribute and sell these as they wish outside the LA.
At the beginning of 2006 Warwickshire purchased an authority-wide licence for Communicate: In Print, allowing it to be installed on any machine in an educational centre in the schools sector. Widgit also included Communicate: By Choice under the same conditions.
As of 2008 all schools also have a single site licence for Communicate: SymWriter.